There are many advantages of having a pond system in your garden, not only does it look amazing, but it can have a variety of unexpected benefits too.
A pond is one of the most beneficial pest management systems as it attracts favourable insects and provides homes for animals such as frogs, dragonflies, snakes and newts that eat many of the pests in your garden.
A waterfall in a pond creates a tranquil surrounding which is a great antidote to noise pollution. If you live close to a main road, airport or you are just sick of the sound of lawn moors disturbing your weekend; then a waterfall drowns out the sound of the urban community, allowing you to feel like you are in a serene place of nature. Another benefit of a waterfall is that it oxygenates the water in your pond, providing more oxygen to any fish and the water will become less stagnant.
Ponds also create a wonderful life for fish, plants and other microbiology in the water itself. Whether you are keeping fish as pets or growing to eat, a pond is a great place to do it. The plants around the pond can also be grown to eat and the water in the pond is ideal to help plants achieve maximum growth. This is done by the microbiology in the water. The bacteria and nutrients at the bottom of the pond get chewed up, creating a fertiliser that with a simple irrigation system can be used to water the full garden.
Additionally a pond can manage the microclimate of the area surrounding it. The water in the pond absorbs heat during the day, then at night radiates that heat back out into the atmosphere. As it warms the air, it is warming the air around all the plants planted around the pond creating its own microclimate.
If you want to create a pond in your garden you should follow these steps. It is fairly easy and can be done in a matter of hours.
- Find a good location – semi sun; avoid overhead trees as the leaves will fall in the pond.
- Make sure the edges will end up the same height all around the pond.
- The hole in which you dig will seem much bigger than it will eventually look, so make it as big as possible.
- Try to avoid removing all the plants around the pond as this will make it look more natural when finished.
- Dig deeper than you need to, otherwise fish are unlikely to survive in icy conditions. However leave ledges for plants and tadpoles to live and grow on.
- Get some rubber liner and a good pump and filter. A flexible measuring tape will help you determine the correct size of lining you need.
- Lay it in the hole as best as you can.
- Then fill it with water.
- Tug the edges as it fills and the water will remove most of the wrinkles.
- Fill it partly full for now as you need to trim the excess lining
- When trimming the lining, leave plenty of excess
- You need to now make a barrier, both to keep the pond water in and the rainwater out. For this you can use both stones and cement.
- As you fill the rest of the pond, remember if adding a waterfall, to get it right without any holes.
- Finally add some plants and fish, then relax and enjoy.
Homes & Gardens